Old and new in Cordoba: floats in the annual Carnival parade pass by Roman columns.
A float in Cordoba's Carnival parade.
This float in Cordoba's Carnival parade went up and down (and nearly got stuck on wires over the street).
A statue of Maimonides the lawgiver, a 12th century Jewish scholar who was born in Cordoba.
The oldest synagoge left in southern Spain is in Cordoba. It was built in 1315, when the city had a large Jewish community. The upstairs is the women's gallery.
A Hebrew inscription in the 1315 synagoge.
The old part of Cordoba, the Juderia, is a mix of quaint alleys . . .
. . . and tacky souvenir shops.
A statue of the Roman philospher Seneca (tutor of the emperor Nero). He was born in Cordoba, as was his nephew, the poet Lucan.
Cordoba's wonderful archeological museum, which is full of Roman statues and mosaics.
The bell tower of Cordoba's 16th century cathedral.
The lower part of the bell tower was originally the minaret of a mosque, which the cathedral was built over.
The orange trees that cover the patio of Cordoba's cathedral are apparently considered a nuisance (the oranges are too sour to eat; we tried one). This crew of workers was knocking them all off the trees . . .
. . . sweeping them up . . .
and putting them into dumpsters. The trees aren't nearly as colorful without them. 🙁
Cordoba's grand mosque was built between the 780s and 960s and includes nearly 900 columns. It's an amazing space.
A painted iron door leading to one of 50 chapels that line the sides of the former mosque (now cathedral).
A Christian saint (cheerful in her martyrdom) next to columns and arches of the old mosque.
The door to the mihrab (the niche facing Mecca from where the imam led prayers).
The ceiling of the maksura (just outside the mihrab), where the Caliph and his retinue would pray.
It was decorated in the 960s with gold mosaic cubes given to the Caliph by the Emperor of Byzantium.
Wherever there was a bit of wall in the old mosque, the Christians stuck a statue or an altar.
The oldest part of Cordoba's mosque-cathedral: a Visigoth church from the 700s.
One of the doorways leading into the complex, with Christian imagery painted over the Moorish arch.
One of the more traditional doorways to the mosque.
Carriages wait by the mosque to give rides to tourists.
A view of Cordoba's cathedral-mosque (complete with scaffolding) from the restored Roman bridge. The statue at the right is one of the patron saints of Cordoba (I forget who).
The remains of Medina Azahara, the palace/city built by a 10th century caliph outside Cordoba.
Based on archeological research, the gardens of Medina Azahara are being replanted.
Inside the audience chamber of Caliph Abd ar-Rahman III, the most restored part of Medina Azahara.
The decoration in caliph's audience chamber featured a tree-of-life motif.
Pediments of the columns in the audience chamber record the year of construction (in the 950s).
Archeologists are continuing to piece together the decorative tiles dug up at Medina Azahara.